plant breeding definition

  • Breeding - definition of breeding by The Free Dictionary

    Define breeding. breeding synonyms, breeding pronunciation, breeding translation, English dictionary definition of breeding. n. 1. One's line of descent; ancestry: a person of noble breeding. 2. Upbringing or education, especially in proper social behavior. 3. The production of...

  • Plant Breeding in Food Production: Definition, Methods ...

    Plant breeding can enhance existing crops or help evolve new species for our food supply. Hybridization involves mating two variants of a species to produce more desirable traits in the offspring.

  • The Importance of Plant Breeding - Bayer - Crop Science

    Plant breeding, in its simplest definition, is crossing two plants to produce offspring that, ideally, share the best characteristics of the two parent plants. Throughout the history of civilization, plant breeding has helped farmers solve complex challenges while also appeasing the appetites of consumers.

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  • Plant Breeding & Plant Genetics Program – University of ...

    Welcome to the Plant Breeding and Plant Genetics (PBPG) program at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Established in 1968, the interdisciplinary PBPG program leads the nation in the number of plant breeding graduate degrees granted in the last twenty years.

  • Anything and Everything: Pure line Selection - Plant Breeding

    Apr 01, 2014 · Pure line Selection – Definition: Pure line selection is a method in which new variety is developed by selection of single best plant progeny among traditional varieties or land races. Genetic basis for Pureline Selection:

  • Definition of Plant Breeding | Lexicon of Food

    Definition of Plant Breeding Plant breeding is the science (some amount of art is involved as well) of improving the quality of nutrition or growth characteristics of an existent germplasm to the benefit of humans and/or animals.

  • Plant breeding : definition of Plant breeding and synonyms ...

    Plant breeding is the art and science of changing the genetics of plants in order to produce desired characteristics. [1] Plant breeding can be accomplished through many different techniques ranging from simply selecting plants with desirable characteristics for propagation, to more complex molecular techniques (see cultigen and cultivar ).

  • Plant breeding - Hybridization | Britannica

    Hybridization. Single plant selections are then made and evaluated in the same way as in the pedigree method of breeding. The chief advantage of the bulk population method is that it allows the breeder to handle very large numbers of individuals inexpensively.

  • Outcrossing - Wikipedia

    Out-crossing or out-breeding means the crossing between different breeds. This is the practice of introducing unrelated genetic material into a breeding line. It increases genetic diversity, thus reducing the probability of an individual being subject to disease or genetic abnormalities.

  • plant breeding translation French | English-French ...

    In this case a non-voluntary levy is used in part to fund plant breeding research. Dans ce cas-là, une retenue non volontaire est effectuée pour financer en partie la recherche sur l'amélioration des plantes. Modern plant breeding is enhanced and promoted by IP legislation.

  • Plant breeding | definition of plant breeding by Medical ...

    Plant breeding has lead to a great improvement in crop yield, better harvesting (e.g. with dwarf varieties) and improvements in the natural resistance of plants to pathogens. Recently, cell and tissue cultures using EXPLANTS have begun to be used by plant breeders, to produce (a) ple copies (CLONES) of sterile types;

  • What are cultivars, clones and landraces? - B4FA

    What is a cultivar? A cultivar is a plant or grouping of plants selected for desirable characteristics that can be maintained by propagation. For example, rice cultivars are often classified by their grain shapes and texture, for selected for characteristics such as texture, smell, and firmness, or for agronomic properties such as adaptation to deep flooding or dry land cultivation.

  • Plant and Soil Sciences eLibrary

    Plant breeding, which involves crossing and selection of new superior genotype combinations, has been going on for hundreds of years. Every time someone crosses two plants in order to improve their traits, they are genetically modifying the plants. Plant breeding is an important tool, but has limitations.

  • Welcome | Plant Breeding and Genetics Section

    Plant breeding is a critical tool in the fight for food security and responsible environmental stewardship in the 21st century. For more than one hundred years, Plant Breeding and Genetics at Cornell University has been widely recognized for developing novel breeding methodologies and discovering economically important genes and varieties.

  • Steps Involved in the Plant Breeding Process: 4 Steps

    Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology in Plant Breeding: This requires isolation of a fragment of DNA corresponding to a desirable character (or function), hooking it to a vector (such as the plasmid in a bacterium, Agrobacterium tumifaciens), and transferring it to a cell.

  • Plant Breeding Definition, Methods, Steps and Videos

    Plant Breeding Definition Plant breeding is a method of altering the genetic pattern of plants to increase their value and utility for human welfare. It is a purposeful manipulation of plants to create desired plant types that are better suited for cultivation, give better yield and are disease resistant.

  • Plant Breeding and its Goals - Biotech Articles

    Plant breeding, application of genetic principles to produce plants that are more useful to humans. This is accomplished by selecting plants found to be economically or aesthetically desirable, first by controlling the mating of selected individuals, and then by selecting certain individuals among the progeny.

  • Plant Breeding and Genetics - CAST

    plant breeding process, innovation provides the means to achieve greater gains, increase efficiency, and ac-celerate time-to-market for improved This material is based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and Animal and Plant Health

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  • Plant breeding - Wikipedia

    Plant breeding is the science of changing the traits of plants in order to produce desired characteristics. It has been used to improve the quality of nutrition in products for humans and animals.

  • Anything and Everything: Pure line Selection - Plant Breeding

    Apr 01, 2014 · Pure line selection is a method in which new variety is developed by selection of single best plant progeny among traditional varieties or land races. Genetic basis for Pureline Selection: v Pureline varieties are homozygous and homogeneous as they are genetically similar and true breeding.

  • Genetic Variation, Heritability, and Plant Breeding ...

    Genetic Variation, Heritability, and Plant Breeding. The phenotype of a plant is determined by its genetic composition, the environment in which the plant is grown, and the interaction of genotype with environment. The challenge plant breeders face is to identify and select those plants that have genotypes conferring desirable phenotypes,...

  • BATS: Methods of Plant Breeding

    Plant breeding is defined as identifying and selecting desirable traits in plants and combining these into one individual plant. Since 1900, Mendel's laws of genetics provided the scientific basis for plant breeding.

  • Plant breeding - ScienceDaily

    Plant breeding is the purposeful manipulation of plant species in order to create desired genotypes and phenotypes for specific purposes. This manipulation involves either controlled pollination, genetic engineering, or both, followed by artificial selection of progeny. Plant breeding often, but not always, leads to plant domestication.

  • Welcome | Plant Breeding and Genetics Section

    Plant breeding is a critical tool in the fight for food security and responsible environmental stewardship in the 21st century. For more than one hundred years, Plant Breeding and Genetics at Cornell University has been widely recognized for developing novel breeding methodologies and discovering economically important genes and varieties.

  • What is plant breeding? - B4FA - B4FA

    Plant breeding is the process by which humans change the characteristics of plants over time to make them better crops and more nourishing food. In its most simple form, breeding consists of selecting the best plants in a given field, growing them to full seed and then using that seed to grow further generations.

  • An Introduction To Plant Breeding - YouTube

    Dec 06, 2017 · Plant breeding is a technique through which genetic traits of a plant are changed. Some desirable traits are incorporated to produce a new variety. This technique is mainly used to improve the ...

  • Plant and Soil Sciences eLibrary

    Plant breeding is an important tool, but has limitations. First, breeding can only be done between two plants that can sexually mate with each other. This limits the new traits that can be added to those that already exist in that species.

  • Definition, Aim, Objectives and Scope of Plant Breeding ...

    Plant breeding is the art and science of improving the heredity of plants for the benefit of mankind. or Plant breeding deals with the genetic improvement of crop plants also known as science of crop improvement. or Science of changing and improving the heredity of plants Aim : Plant breeding aims to improve the characteristics of plants so that they become more desirable agronomically and .

  • Plant Breeding: Definition, Objectives and Historical ...

    Definition: Plant breeding is a science based on principles of genetics and cytogenetic. It aims at improving the genetic makeup of the crop plants. Improved varieties are developed through plant breeding. Its objectives are to improve yield, quality, disease-resistance, drought and frost-tolerance and important characteristics of the crops.

  • Plant breeding - Hybridization | Britannica

    Plant breeding - Plant breeding - Hybridization: During the 20th century planned hybridization between carefully selected parents has become dominant in the breeding of self-pollinated species. The object of hybridization is to combine desirable genes found in two or more different varieties and to produce pure-breeding progeny superior in many respects to the parental types.

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